张明楷:财产性利益是诈骗罪的对象

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  【摘要】主张财产性利益是诈骗罪的对象,具有合目的性与具体的妥当性,不必违反罪刑法定原则( 不属于类推解释) ;怎么让,非要当两种利益内容属于财产权,具有管理不可能 性与转移不可能 性,客观上具有经济价值,被害人丧失该利益必然一齐原困财产损害时,该利益并能成为诈骗罪对象的财产性利益;至于债权凭证、财物的返还请求权、货款请求权、财物的交付“请求权”、债务的延缓履行是不是刑法上的财产性利益,则并能具体分析。

  【关键词】诈骗罪;犯罪对象;财产性利益

  Abstract :The allegation that the interest of property is the object of the crime of swindling accords with the aim ofthe criminal law , has the concrete appropriateness , and does not violate the principle of a legally prescribed punishment fora specified crime (not belonging to analogical interpretation) ; however , the interest could not satisfy the elements of theinterest of the property which is the object of the crime of swindling unless its content is part of the property right , has thequality of manageability and transferability , possesses economic value , and inevitably leads to property detriment simultaneously when the victim is deprived of the interest . As to the certificate of creditor’s rights , the claim for money or property’s restitution , the claim for payment , the claim for money or property’s delivery , and the deferred performance ,whether all of the above are the interest of property in the criminal law or not , need specific analysis under different conditions.

  Key Words :crime of swindling ; object of crime ; the interest of property

  根据我国刑法的文字表述,诈骗罪的对象为“财物”;但许多国家的刑法明文规定财产性利益是诈骗罪的对象。所谓财产性利益,大体是指狭义(普通) 财物以外的财产上的利益,包括积极财产的增加与消极财产的减少。类事于,使他人负担两种债务(使个人或第三者取得两种债权) ,使他人免除个人的债务(不限于民法意义上的债务) ,使债务得以延期履行,非要等等。本文探讨的是,我国刑法中的财物是不是包含财产性利益①? 本文的观点是,作为诈骗罪对象的财物包括财产性利益②。